The Korean language uses the Hangul alphabet, which is based on phonetics and consists of 14 consonants and 10 vowels. It has spaces between words and the same punctuation as in western languages. It used to be written from top to bottom, in columns, but is now transcribed in lines, from left to right and top to bottom. The traditional format in columns still prevails in poetic texts. In South Korea, spoken language is based on the language version used in the region of the capital, where the intonation is quite flat (Korean is not a tonal language like Chinese and Vietnamese). It is most often called Hangungmal, or more formally, Hangugeo or Gugeo - literally "national language".
In modern Korean, words are arranged “subject-object-verb”. The article is placed before the substantive and the verbs are not conjugated according to the person but depending on the aspect, the tense and politeness you wish to express. There are no numbers, articles or genders and the function of each word in the sentence is determined by invariable particles.
Kanun mari kooaya onun mari kopta = Say kind words if you want to hear kind words.
Morunun ke yakida = Ignorance is bliss.
Classification by family: usually considered an isolate, sometimes included in the proposed family of Altaic languages (which includes Mongol, Japonic, Turkish and Tungusic languages).