2015: The city of Munich opens the NS-Dokumentationszentrum, a museum dedicated to Munich’s role in the world wars as a stronghold of the Nazi Party and the importance of learning from history’s atrocities. Widely criticised for not recognising its painful past, the opening of this museum was seen by many as a step towards healing.
2005: The enormously popular Allianz Arena opens, the home stadium of the Football Club Bayern Munich!
1972: Munich hosts the summer Olympics, which are dominated by the tragedy of the Israeli athletes being taken hostage and eventually executed. This would come to be known as the Munich Massacre.
1971: Munich’s colourful, avant-garde U-bahn opens allowing for quick and easy transportation within the city.
1945: WWII is finally put to an end, but Munich would continue to struggle with its past for decades.
1942: With the Nazis back in power and Hitler out of jail, a student resistance movement emerges called the White Rose. They distribute pamphlets inciting Germans to rebel, and all members are eventually executed or imprisoned. A monument to their bravery can be found in front of Munich’s Ludwig Maximilian University.
1923: The Nazis attempt a failed coup, which results in Hitler’s imprisonment where he writes Mein Kampf.
1920: Munich becomes Nazi Party headquarters.
1919: Adolf Hitler delivers his first speech in Munich as representative of the German Workers’ Party, which would later evolve into the Nazi Party.
1908: Construction finishes on the New Town Hall with its charming Glockenspiel, still one of the city’s main attractions.
1896: Famous Munich composer Richard Strauss writes Also sprach Zarathustra – there’s no way you wouldn’t recognise its triumphant, opening notes!
1810: This year marks the start of the Oktoberfest celebrations, today one of the world’s most popular festivals!
1807: The foodie paradise of the Viktualienmarkt beings welcoming customers and it hasn’t slowed down since.
1789: Munich’s natural masterpiece of the Englischer Garten is inaugurated and is just as popular (if not more!) today than it was at the time of its founding.
1634: Like so many other European cities, Munich falls victim to the plague, which wipes out one-third of the city’s population.
1506: Munich becomes the capital of Bavaria (previously, it had been the capital of upper Bavaria).
1494: Famous for its sinister “devil’s footprint” and the domes of its two towers, this is the year in which the Frauenkirche is consecrated.
1240: Duke of Bavaria, Otto Wittelsbach, gains control of Munich starting a dynasty which would rule until the early 20th century.
1158: Considered the official founding date of Munich, this is the year in which the monks are authorised to build a bridge over the Isar River into present-day Munich.
~ 750: A group of Benedictine monks found a monastery in the lake town of Tegernsee just south of Munich. This is widely considered the “unofficial” founding of the city.