Language course in Lyon: Timeline

2002 Olympique Lyonnais win the Ligue 1 football championship for the first time.

1998 Lyon is UNESCO listed: “Lyon bears exceptional testimony to the continuity of urban settlement over more than two millennia on a site of great commercial and strategic significance.”

1960 A new business quarter called Part-Dieu opens. It is now a major centre of industry.

1950 Local football club Racing Club de Lyon becomes Olympique Lyonnais.

1940-45 On the frontier between the occupied and free zone, Lyon is the centre of the French Resistance. During the occupation 4000 people, including Resistance leader Jean Moulin, are killed and 7500 others deported to Nazi death camps.

1895 The Brothers Lumière invent the cinematographe and shoot one of the first ever films: La Sortie des usines Lumière à Lyon.

1831 Lyon’s weavers go on strike and 600 people are massacred in the resulting battle. Weavers spend 14 to 20 hours a day hunched over a loom breathing silk dust.

1802 In order to stimulate the French textile industry, Napoleon Bonaparte places large orders for Lyon’s silk. He personally orders the reconstruction of all the buildings demolished during the French Revolution.

1793 Lyon supports the Girondists against the "Convention" government and endures a 2-month siege as a result. The Convention judges the city too royalist and strikes it from the map with the infamous line, "Lyon n'est plus".

1789 The French Revolution brings a quiet and prosperous period to a brutal halt. 2000 people are shot or decapitated.

1783 The Montgolfier brothers fly the first manned hot air balloon.

1643 When the city survives the plague, candles are lit at the Basilica of Fourvière in honour of Mary. This is the birth of the modern Fête des Lumières.  
ESL - Timeline
16th century Some of the most beautiful Renaissance buildings in France are built in the Vieux-Lyon area. The distinctive traboules (see Lyon Attractions) take shape.

1572 Mass violence against Huguenots in the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacres. Banking families return to Italy, publishers emigrate to Geneva.

1562 Lyon is seized by Protestant troops. Churches, monasteries and religious idols are destroyed before a compromise is agreed.

1538 King Francois I grants a monopoly on silk production to the city of Lyon. It soon becomes the world capital of silk weaving.

1473 Lyon becomes one of Europe’s earliest publishing centres, with several hundred resident printers.

1466 King Louis XI decides to develop a national silk industry in Lyon.

1464 Four annual fairs are established by Louis XI, drawing merchants from all over Europe, and Florence in particular. Lyon becomes a major centre for the spice and silk trades, while the Florentine immigrants make Lyon a financial centre for banking and insurance.

1312 Philip the Fair annexes Lyon to the Kingdom of France.

5th century The collapse of the Roman Empire sees Lugdunum become part of the Burgundian kingdom.

2nd century Population of Lugdunum reaches 50,000 - 200,000, with water supplied to the city by four aqueducts. Christianity arrives… and 40 Christians are soon martyred.

43BC Colonia Copia Claudia Augusta Lugdunum is founded by the Romans and serves as the capital of the Three Gauls. Lugdunum soon becomes the most important city in north-western Europe. 

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