Birdland (birdlandjazz.com) jazz club opens on 52nd Street, Jackson Pollock is at the peak of his fame, the Beat Generation writers meet in the Village and lights shine on Broadway. New York becomes the cultural capital of creativity and innovation for the decade to come and beyond. The place to be!
Jam Sessions taking place at Minton’s Playhouse in Harlem host the pioneering bebop musicians who strongly contributed to the emergence of modern music.
New York World's Fair. A time capsule is buried with instructions to be opened in the year 6939.
The Empire State Building
is erected. The iconic Art Deco skyscraper will stand as the world’s tallest building for 40 years.
The Savoy Ballroom, the Cotton Club, the Apollo Theatre and many other nightclubs welcome the Who’s Who of a cultural Golden Era. The Harlem Renaissance sets the foundations of Afro American social integration and pursuit of civil rights leading to the sixties emancipation.
Grand Central Terminal opens.
The New York taxi arrives replaces horse-drawn omnibuses.
Ellis Island opens for immigration. Over the next 32 years, more than 12 million immigrants arrive in the USA through the facility.
Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi's statue of "Liberty Enlightening the World" is presented to the United States by the people of France to mark the centenary of the American Revolution.
Macy’s opens and plans for Central Park are laid out.
The New York Knickerbocker Baseball organization is founded and the rules of baseball are formalised. The sport soon replaces cricket as America’s number 1.
A fire destroys almost all of Lower Manhattan.
The New York Post is founded by Alexander Hamilton.
Under a buttonwood tree on Wall Street, the stock exchange is born.
Washington's inauguration as president takes place in New York.
On July 9th, George Washington reads the Declaration of Independence to his troops. A royal statue is melted down to make musket bullets.
The First St. Patrick's Day Parade takes place in New York City.
The City installs lamps to illuminate its streets. They are fuelled with whale oil.
English nobleman the Duke of York sends an armada to the Port of New Amsterdam to take the city from the Dutch. It is rechristened New York!
The Wooden Horse opens: New Amsterdam’s first pub.
Peter Minuit, the first director general of New Amsterdam, buys Manhattan from the Algonquian Indians for cloth, beads, trinkets and other items worth approximately $24 in total.
Belgian and Dutch settlers arrive at Manhattan and form a new colony called New Amsterdam.
British sailor Henry Hudson sails into New York Harbour on the Half Moon. The Hudson River would later be named after him.
Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazano sails into New York Harbour in search of the Northwest Passage. He is greeted by the native Lenape people, whose influence can be seen in names like “Manhattan”.